Future of coal

The world will transition away from coal long before the easily mined resources run out. The time this will take will depend on how it’s used. It’s one matter to switch electricity generation from coal to gas as is occurring in Europe and North America, another to replace coal in steel-making.

Alternatives to coal

Coal and a lower-carbon economy - what are the alternatives?

We're all agreed the world must transition from coal and fossil fuels, and must deal with the CO2 emissions from coal. What we don't know is how quickly a transition from coal can be achieved, despite the Government’s ambitious proposal of...

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Making steel without coal

Can the world produce steel without using coal?

The short answer to this question is no, not at scale, at the present time.

The issue

Steel is an alloy of iron with carbon (0.002% - 2.1% by weight), and with other metals as needed. Typical additives are: nickel, chromium, manganese, molybdenum, titanium, vanadium,...

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